Found an interesting article and would like to hear some thoughts.
Forcing EV owners to pay for a separate electrical drop and meter is crazy.
My opinion is that EVs should be taxed based on mileage in states where an annual safety inspection is required or with a flat fee on tags otherwise.
Another idiot Kansas legislator (and I live in KS)! I don't think this will get much traction. It's not as if KS has a large EV population. What he proposes would be nearly impossible to enforce.
States are going to have to figure out a new way to collect revenue for road maintenance... eventually. I was talking about this issue with my State Representative the other day and this is certainly an issue that he sees coming up pretty soon.
Another thing to think about is that drivers of ICEs that get better mileage pay less towards maintaining the roads and bridges than drivers of ICEs that get less. Some of that makes sense because larger, heavier cars often get worse mileage while doing more damage to the road system. However, a lot of the maintenance that needs doing has nothing to do with damage done be vehicles. (I'm thinking about the effects of rain, freezing, etc)
I guess the point is that, as fuel economy goes up, we are going to have to find a new way to fund the road systems... regardless of the adoption of EVs. EV drivers will, and should, have to pay towards the use of the public road system but I think that its a more complicated problem that the legislator in that article is getting at. I also think that it's the wrong time to place an external impediment to EV ownership; the market is simply too young.
The experts at taxing for the sake of taxing are the politians in Quebec. We often pay the same tax(es) several times. Example: we pay registration for our vehicles to Quebec and TWICE more to our fair city (Montreal). To add insult to injury, the taxes are not used for what they were collected. Lots of corruption in Quebec?!
Road wear is based on vehicle weight and tire size. Therefore just do it at the DMV, but this becomes a HUGE problem for the amount of data that needs to be collected by checking the odometer. For smog check states (just California?) the odometer reading is already gathered, so no big deal.
If convert the whole thing to something similar to smog check states and let it be 'safety checks' then can gather the data at existing mechanics once a year. That data gets fed into the DMV system and you pay the variable DMV tax with low low financing rates available.
It would convert the tax from a flat tax on fuel to a usage tax. Current DMV taxes appear to be basically a flat property tax similar to house taxes, so maybe the tax becomes slightly more complicated but we've got computers and databases to handle that sort of thing already.
In California you don't ever have to get an electric car smog checked, so capturing the odometer at that time... doesn't work. (And even for ICE vehicles you don't have to get a smog check for the first... umm... not sure but it might be 5 years.)
I think it is totally reasonable to pay for road building and maintenance. It seems to me the easiest and fairest would be to report once per year to the DMV for an odometer read and then pay a base fee which would be the same for all plus a fee for milage multiplied by weight.
Of course, I think it would be reasonable to pay a base fee for general overhead plus a fee based on the weight of the traveler and luggage combined for air travel so maybe my ideas are weird.
The annual fee concept is really just a significant increase in registration fees in lieu of the gas tax. One advantage of the gas tax is it's levied over the course of a year rather than in one lump sum. In CT we pay $0.25 per retail gallon (at the pump) and $0.27 per wholesale gallon (first sale within the state). For a 12,000 mile driver at 25mpg that's $250 per year. Tough to add a $40 registration fee and ask for $300 in lump sum each year (on top of the lump sum personal property tax we pay on vehicles).
The trick is to pay incrementally so it's not as painful. And, if odometer based, there will be quite a bit of "rollback" going on!
It is hard to "rollback" digital odometers.
Hah, that's a good point! I'm obviously thinking old school . . .
Having lived in annual inspection states for 30 years, I'm a big fan of such inspections and the opportunity to use these as a point of collection for highway taxes. Inspections are far more than just "smog checks"; they insure that every vehicle has fully functional headlights, signals, horns, etc. It keeps unfit vehicles off the road.
In crafting these charges, what do you do about PHEVs? They burn some gas, so pay taxes there. I suppose all PHEVs could be required to maintain "electric miles" separately, but since some (e.g. Volt) blend electric and gas miles, even that isn't perfect.
Since it is a road wear tax, I imagine electric and ICE would pay the same. It is replacing what the fuel tax does in theory.
Eventually, we all will pay a fair share to maintain our roads. It is way too early to think of tax parity between ICE and EV. However …it is “time to stir the coals.”
Our government doesn’t see a difference between a hybrid and an EV, and they offer the same rebates and incentives. There are two reasons Big ICE makes hybrids: consumer demand and CAFÉ. Giving the same incentives to hybrids encourages the same old mind set to build only “slightly better” widgets!
I feel our benevolent despots in Washington and state capitals should emulate the punitive nature of tobacco taxes on the auto industry by raising gasoline taxes to fund better roads, mass transit, r & d, etc. Big ICE has dragged their feet on safety, emissions, and most everything else, they have too much influence in Washington. For Pete's sake what other country would kill the family station wagon so they could market inefficient, sexy, SUVs? My opinion, higher gasoline prices and taxes will have a more dramatic effect on ICE manufacturers than legislation.
Sorry for my venting. Yes, I think EVs should receive a rebate and not hybrids - very self serving.
EVs are zero emission and have huge environmental benefits, taxes should be waived until this "NEW" technology gets legs and becomes mainstream like the Internet. These vehicles are helping reduce our countys addiction to oil/war on terrorists. Instead of thinking of a way to tax them we should be rolling out the red carpet and funding a the contest for the person or company that produces a battery with twice the energy of the batteries that are currently available. This is not a perfect plan but is a good start.
Jason S | January 26, 2012 new
Since it is a road wear tax, I imagine electric and ICE would pay the same. It is replacing what the fuel tax does in theory.
If it replaced (eliminated) fuel taxes, I'd think you'd get ICE drivers onside pretty quick.
A fuel tax pays for road repair, but it has another effect: the higher costs cause people to value efficiency and favor habits and products that tend to have a smaller environmental impact. When gas is $3.40 a gallon, folks tend to drive a little more efficiently and tend to buy more efficient cars than when it costs $2.95, even if there were no hybrid or EV options.
Think of it like the little green leaves in the displays on hybrids that act as a reward for efficient driving. In making it an annual tax rolled into your renewal instead of a higher price in your face every time you fill the tank, it's less like a weekly kick in the nuts and more like a New Year's resolution - I've already 'fallen of the wagon' with mine, and it's not even February.
The expensive gas effect only seems to work here in MO until they lower the price one cent after raising it a ten. Our gas tax is so low they can't afford to repair any roads. They are seriously discussing making parts of interstate 70 a toll road between St. Louis and Kansas City even tho the voters voted the option down.... altho most things we vote on in MO get rewritten or over turned by our politicians.
They are going to have to tax electric cars in some way at some point. Tax from gasoline sales is used to fund roads and other public costs of driving. In most states, that means those of us with EV's won't be paying our fair share. At some point they're going to have to tax us in some form or another.
The only problem I see with this guy's bill is that it's not practicable. You can't enforce that the car owner will plug their car into the outlet that's monitored by the extra-tax meter. Though I'm assuming that's how it would work. If there's something distinct about the characterstics of the electric current being drawn for EV charging, then I suppose it's possible. However, it seems to me that what you would really need is some kind of standard adopted by power companies and electric car makers that specified some kind of special system such that the car was only able to charge from a special outlet installed at the home, and via either data connection or local meter, the power company could record energy consumption specifically for EV charging.
"Big ICE has dragged their feet on safety, emissions, and most everything else, they have too much influence in Washington. For Pete's sake what other country would kill the family station wagon so they could market inefficient, sexy, SUVs?"
Big ICE has made what consumers wanted and made what innovations they needed to compete with each other. Yes, there are varying degree to which they succeed at understanging what consumers want. Airbags, ESC, VVT, hybrids, even plain old ICE MPG have all been continually improving and I'd argue most of that is due just to regular old free market competition. Today's cars are way better, more efficient, safer, comfortable, and fun than they ever were.
The big automakers sold huge vehicles because people used to like them (some still do). Electric cars are now beginning to be more real because people want to drive them; they want to buy them.
The only problem I would have at tax time is states friendly to big oil or a particular car company taxing EVs something like 50 cents a kilowatt or more so they can encourage the purchase of ICE vehicles.
I am also pretty positive that my local electric company would add on a special fee for a meter that calculated EV charge time. That would be a cost in addition to state and local taxes.
If the taxes were only for road maintenance support, and not for the various, sometimes fantastic (as in fantasy), incentives, it would make sense to charge some annual tax based on a vehicles mileage and weight capacity. [Would U-Haul trailers have to be outfitted with odometers to get a license plate?]
It could be composed of some fixed baseline cost (for the right to use all the roads) plus an estimate of road damage done by each vehicle, with the heaviest paying far more. Attempts to mitigate road damage per pound of load by purchasing trucks with a higher number of axles would be rewarded with lower taxes.
And, no, you can't color EV electricity with dye and stick a sensor on the battery to make sure you filled up from the correct type of meter. (That's what's done with diesel versus the otherwise equivalent heating oil.)
"paying our fair share"
My fair share is 0%. Until someone put a number on things instead of loose meaningless language, I'm picking a number.
So I'm already paying more than my fair share by the current definition.
Actually EdG you can have the car send back a harmonic over the power line that the meter will read and know it's an EV charging and how much. But I am very much against taxing at the meter and much more into what you described.
You are correct, Big ICE’s cars and trucks are better, cleaner, safer, and more efficient than they were- they should have improved, decades sooner. Detroit fought our government every step of the way. If you do some due diligence, you will be shocked at Detroit - Profits came before consumer safety, reinvestment, the environment, R&D, etc. Read how Detroit built trucks and SUVs heavier to be exempt from safety and smog rules. Detroit offered huge rebates and incentives to move the metal. Remember Detroit felt small cars-small profits.
Why did consumers buy so many large pick up trucks? They were cheaper than sedans and mini vans. Why were they cheaper- they had almost none of the safety equipment that cars required.
One last point, if GM is so great how did the Volt degenerate from a BEV to a hybrid. I do give Chevy credit, I think their amphibian has the best hybrid system on the market.
@EdG: I just wanted to point out that, given that the road maintenance taxes are paid for through gas use, those who tow already pay more while towing because they use more gas doing it. The point is that you don't have to monitor how far the u-haul goes under the current system because the guy towing it is paying for its impact by using more gas.
Case in point: I own an Airstream trailer that I tow with my Suburban. Each vehicle weighs about 6000 pounds. When driving the Suburban on the freeway by itself I get somewhere between 18 and 20 mpg; while towing I get somewhere between 9 and 10 mpg. Each vehicle has the same number of axels and wheels so I'm guessing that, while towing, my impact on the road is roughly double what it would be without.
I guess my point dove-tails with yours: the system, as it exists now, is one in which there is some relationship between impact on the road system and amount paid to maintain it. However, as gas mileage increases and EVs become more and more popular, we're going to have to find some way to pay for the road system that isn't based on gas taxes... entirely.
@ no one in particular: I don't think that it's reasonable to refuse to pay towards the use of the roads, even for someone without a drivers' license or car. We all benefit immensely from the public roadway system; to say that one who rides his/her bike shouldn't have to pay to maintain the roads because they don't use them is inane. They do use them, just not directly. That said, I'm also okay with the notion that those of use who choose to use the roads directly pay a little more towards them, especially if that payment is proportional with our impact (miles driven, weight of vehicles, use of studded tires, etc.)
Somehow this comment got really long, sorry.
When you plug in your EV, it sends a small signal to determine if it is safe to charge (according to TM). An extra-tax meter can detect this and charge accordingly. In electrical engineering this signal exchange is called "handshaking". An example of handshaking is the signal exchange between a computer and printer.
I'm sorry. I don't understand. What sends a small signal? Which direction is this signal? Is it from charger to car or the other way around? Under what circumstances would the sender say it's not "safe to charge"?
Charger and car talk to each other. If there is no charger, the car won't get a reply and must fall back to same very basic default behavior, i.e., draw no more than 5kW or whatever is the greatest common denominator of stupid wall sockets.
If there is a charger, it can tell the car how much power it is allowed to draw. It may also inform the car about different tariffs, allowing the car to postpone charging (if not instructed otherwise by the driver) or it may even offer to sell back power to the grid at an attractive rate.
Those are just some obvious examples. There still is no standardization (or you could say, standardization is still in progress). I don't know which kinds of "messages from the charger" the Model S will support, and for which types of charges.
About road taxes for EVs
First of all, I don't know about your government, but ours never uses these dedicated taxes for what they were purportedly for. For example, here we have a tire tax intended to solve a tire disposal problem, but they never spent a dime to implement a solution. They just dump the money in general revenues and spend it on whatever.
Secondly, if the gas tax was even remotely fair, you would pay 1 cent per gallon and trucking companies would pay everything else. Their big heavy vehicles do orders of magnitude more damage to the roads than a passenger car. Your road taxes are subsidizing the trucking companies big-time.
Third, I'm sure the government will come up with ways of maintaining/increasing their revenue regardless. Hopefully it won't be in some intrusive big-brother way like somehow monitoring your charging.
Well, if the trucking companies paid more, the goods they carry would cost more. Ultimately, there's only one "pocket" for the money to come out of.
Yeah, better not charge a tax to the cause of the problem the tax is slated to fix. That would be bad.